As wood was the main raw material available to early communities, the talents of the woodworkers were heavily relied upon.

Carpenters made and repaired items from wood. They built houses and made furniture, such as tables, chairs, and cabinets.

Coopers made casks, or wooden containers, used for most storage needs. The cooper bound planks called staves together with wooden or metal hoops. He heated the barrel over a small stove to make the staves bend more easily.

Wheelwrights made wheels, and wainwrights made wagons. These artisans were in great demand as wagons were needed for travel and for transporting goods. Both wagons and wheels were mostly wood and needed constant repairs because the roads were bumpy and rough.